Environmental Studies mcq with answer | 22447 | 500+ Important EST MCQs | MSBTE I Scheme mcqs


Environmental Studies 22447 EST | Solved MCQ's PDF | Free Msbte Exam  MCQ's  |

Environmental Studies 22447 EST | Solved MCQ's PDF | Free Msbte Exam MCQ's |


  • Unit Wise Chapter Mcqs:-

1. Environment
2. Energy Resources
3. Eco System and Biodiversity
4. Environmental Pollution
5. Social Issues and Environmental Education


Environmental Studies (22447)

Unit No -1 Environment Assessment / Practice Question

Assessment Type: Formative Assessments: Embedded questions.

 

Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

Abiotic the environment does not include

Chief source of energy in the environment is ......

Energy is returned to the atmosphere in the form of

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a) air

a)Sun

a) potential energy

b) water

b)Fire

b) metabolic energy

c) soil

c)Moon

c)heat

d) Plants

d)Stars

d) vapours

Ans: <d >

Ans: <a>

Ans: <c>

 

 

Set 2: Question No 1

Set 2: Question No 2

Set 2: Question No 3

Set 1- No1:Which of the following is the example of the impact of development

Set 1- No2: Zone consisting air, water and soil are known as...

Set 1- No3: Formation of Ozone is?

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a) Air Pollution

a) Atmosphere

a) Oxidation Reaction

b) Soil Pollution

b)     Hydrosphere

b) Reduction Reaction

c) Noise Pollution

c)    Biosphere

c) Photochemical Reaction

d) Water Pollution

d) Lithosphere

d) None of the above

Ans: <d>

Ans: <c >

Ans: <c>

 

 

Set 3: Question No 1

Set 3: Question No 2

Set 3: Question No 3

One of the following is not a type of environment.

Social Environment includes ...

Physical the environment is also called as...

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

b) Physical environment

e) Traditions,

a) Abiotic environment

f)   Man-made environment

b)ethics,

b) Biotic environment

g) Social environment

c)Culture

c) Man-made environment

h) hydrosphere

d) All of the above

d) Psychological environment

Ans: <d>

Ans: <d >

Ans: <a>


Set 4: Question No 1

Set 4: Question No 2

Set 4: Question No 3

The term environment is derived from an old The French word “ënviro” means...

Which of the Following is not the impact of acid rain?

Major cause of increment in population growth is......

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)Outside

a)Acidification of soil

a)decrease in birth rate

b)Inside

b)Deterioration of buildings

b)decrease in mortality rate

c)Surroundings

c)Loss of crops

c)illiteracy

d)Biotic community

d)Improve the taste of water

d)none of the above

Ans: <c >

Ans: <d >

Ans: <b>

 

 

Set 5: Question No 1

Set 5: Question No 2

Set 5: Question No 3

Which of the following is not a component of 4Rs?

Which one of the following is not recyclable waste?

The 4Rs principle is applicable for…

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)Reduce

a)Metal

a)Public awareness

b)Resell

b)Plastic

b)Environmental protection

c)Reuse

c)Sand

c)Saving natural resources

d)Recover

d) Glass

d) All of the above

Ans: <b>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <d>

 

 

Set 6: Question No 1

Set 6: Question No 2

Set 6: Question No 3

Layer which saves life from harmful effects of UV radiations is known as

Greenhouse gases which is present in very high quantity is

Burning of fossil fuels

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)Ozone Layer

a)Propane

a) Decrease green house gases

b)Alpha Layer

b)Ethane

b) Increase greenhouse gases

c)Gama Layer

c)Carbon dioxide

c) Increase level of oxygen

d)InfraRed Layer

d)Methane

d)Increase level of ethane

Ans: <a >

Ans: <c>

Ans: <b>

 

 

Set 7: Question No 1

Set 7: Question No 2

Set 7: Question No 3

One which is not considered a naturally occurring greenhouse gas is

The most harmful environmental pollution from a nuclear reactor is

Height of ozone above the surface of Earth is

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)Carbon dioxide

a)radioactivity

a)30 – 50 gms

b)Methane

b)particulate formation

b)10 – 20 km


c) nitrous oxide

c)thermal pollution

c)15 – 30 km

d)ethane

d) Noise Pollution

i)   50 – 70 kms

Ans: <d>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <c>

 

Assessment Type: Summative: End of CO: in LMS

 

Summative: Q 1

Summative: Q 2

Summative: Q 3

Summative: Q 4

Summative: Q 5

Ozone layer is found in ....

What type of radiation is trapped on the earth's surface by

Biotic environment includes

Greenhouse gas which is present in very high quantity is

Color of the ozone molecule is

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a) Thermosphere

a) UV rays

a) producers

a)Propane

a) Blue

b) Stratosphere

b) ? -rays

b) consumers

b)Ethane

b) White

c) Troposphere

c) X-rays

c) decomposers

c)Carbon dioxide

c) Pale Yellow

d) Mesosphere

d) IR rays

d)All above

d)Methane

d)Pale Green

Ans: <b>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <a>

 

 

Summative: Q 6

Summative: Q 7

Summative: Q 8

Summative: Q 9

Summative: Q 10

71% of the earth surface is covered with:

Of the total water on the Earth, freshwater reserves constitute

Nitrous oxide (commonly called laughing gas) has been a matter of concern to

Public awareness of environment creates ------------

----------

A major cause of Ozone depletion is due to which chemical?

Recall/

Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)Land

a)70 %

a)it is thought to cause cancer at low concentration

a)Environment protection

a)Chlorofluorocarbons

b)Air

b)2.7%

b)it produces photochemical smog

b) Environment degradation

b) Polyphenols

c)Water

c)27 %

c)it is a green house gas

c) Environmental improvement

c) Dioxins

d)Coal

d)8.9 %

j)   None of the above

d) Environmental cultivation

k) None of the above

Ans: <c >

Ans: <b>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <a>


Summative: Q 11

Summative: Q 1 2

Summative: Q 13

Summative: Q 14

Summative: Q 15

Air is composed of gases, water vapours and.........

What is troposphere?

How is the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere

The area where all the living organisms interact with each other

Exchange of outgoing and incoming radiations that

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Recall/ Remembering

Application

a) dust particles

a) Portion of the air

a) Hydrological cycle

a)biosphere

a) greenhouse effect

b)Rainfall

b) Portion of water

b) Nitrogen cycle

b) exosphere

b) radiation effect

c)Snowfall

c)Lowest layer of an atmosphere where we survive

c) Oxygen cycle

c) mesosphere

c) infrared effect

d)light

d) Portion of sky

d)Carbon cycle

d)None of the above

d) ozone layer depletion

Ans: <a>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <a>

 

 

Summative: Q 16

Summative: Q 17

Summative: Q 18

Summative: Q 19

Summative: Q 20

The portion of the earth and its environment which can support

“Ozone Hole” is a

----------------------

--

The historical monument that is affected by acid rain is

Ozone is formed in the upper atmosphere by a photochemical

The amount of solar radiation reaching the surface of the

Recall/ Remembering

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Understanding

Application

a)crust

a)   Hole    in   the atmosphere

a) Taj Mahal

)Ultraviolet solar radiation

a)Solar flux

b) exosphere

b)Destruction    of the ozone layer

b) Pyramid of Egypt

)Infra red radiation

b) Reflected light

c)biosphere

c) Hole in hydrosphere

c) Pisa Tower

)Visible light

c)Minerals

d)mesosphere

d)Hole in atmosphere

d)Golden Temple

d) All of the above

d)solvents

Ans: <c>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <a>


Summative: Q 21

Summative: Q 22

Summative: Q 23

Summative: Q 24

Summative: Q 25

Biosphere is

Which of the following conceptual sphere of the

Acid rain contains.....

High-level radioactive waste can be managed in which of the

The objective of environmental education is

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Recall/ Remembering

Application

Recall/ Remembering

a)The solid shell of              inorganic materials on the surface of the Earth

a)Atmosphere

a) Sulphuric acid

a) Open dumping

a)Raise consciousness about environment tal education

b)The thin shell of organic matter on the surface of earth comprising of all the living things

b)Lithosphere

b)        Hydrochloric acid

b) Composting

b)To             teach environmentally appropriate behaviour

c)The sphere which occupies the maximum volume of all the spheres

c)Hydrosphere

c) Oxalic acid

c)Incineration

c) Create an environmental ethic that fosters awareness about ecological inter-dependence of economics, social and political

d) All of the above

d) Biosphere

d) Acetic acid

d) Dumping in sealed containers

d) All of the above

Ans: <b>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <d>

 

 

Summative: Q 25

Summative: Q 27

Summative: Q 28

Summative: Q 29

Summative: Q 30

Which of the following is an example of impact of

Environmental education is important only at

The production of biogas from the waste is included in......

Which one of the following is an abiotic component of the

The environment which has been modified by

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)Air pollution

a)Primary school stage

a) Reduce

a)Bacteria

a)Natural environment

b)Soil pollution

b)Secondary school stage

b) Reuse

b)Plants

b)Anthropogenic environment

c)Soil erosion

c)College stage

c)Recycle

c)Humus

c)Modem environment


d)Water pollution

d) All of the above

d) Recover

d) Fungi

d) Urban environment

Ans: <d>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <b>



Summative: Q 31

Summative: Q 32

Summative: Q 33

Summative: Q 34

Summative: Q 35

Hydrosphere includes

Important abiotic factor in an environment include which of

Atmosphere may extents to a height of......... km above

the earth surface

Which of the following is the correct sequence of 4Rs principle

The 4Rs the principle is applicable in…

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)Animal

a)Temperature

a)80

a)Reduce-Reuse- Recycle-Recover

a)Agriculture areas

b)Plants

b)Wind

b)8000

b)Recover- Recycle-Reuse- Reduce

b)Industrial areas

c)Soil

c)Water

c)800

c)Recycle – Recover – Reuse- Reduce

c)Municipal areas

d)Water bodies

d)All of the above

d)8

d)Reuse-Recover- Reduce - Recycle

d) All of the above

Ans: <d >

Ans: <d>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <d>


Unit No. 2

Energy Resources ( CO 2 Assignment Questions )

 

Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

         % of the Earth's surface is covered with water.

When trees are cut, amount of oxygen

Identify the uses of water

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)20

a)decreases

a)domestic

b)80

b)increases

b)industrial

c)71

c)both a) and b)

c)agricultural

d)100

d)remains same

e)All the above

Ans: <c>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <d>

 

 

Set 2: Question No 1

Set 2: Question No 2

Set 2: Question No 3

The land covers up only                                          % of the earth’s surface

Which metals are used for making Jewellery?

Write an example of Non-metallic minerals

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)10

a)Sodium, Potassium

a)Lime

b)29

b)Zinc, Tungsten

b)Haematite

c)40

c)Iron, Copper, Aluminium

c)Cuprite

d)30

d)Gold, silver, platinum

f)Bauxite

Ans: <b>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <a>

 

Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

Energy resources derived from natural organic materials are called.

Forest is responsible for               

Identify the Metallic minerals from the following-

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a) geothermal energy sources

a) watershed protection

a) Haematite

b) fossil fuels

b) land erosion control

b) Bauxite

c)biomass

c) providing economic and environmental benefits

c) Both a and b

d)All of the above

d)All of the above

d) none

Ans: <b>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <c>


Set 1: Question No 4

Set 1: Question No 5

                 the area island used as a permanent residence, such as a house, apartment, nursing home, school etc

Conservation of soil and water is which type of a function of forest resources?

Understanding

Application

a) industrial

a)Productive

b) agricultural

b)Protective

c) residential

c)Regulative

d) Landfill

d) none

Ans: <c >

Ans: <b>

 

 

Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

Which energy is converted into electrical energy by a solar cell ?

A renewable source of energy is   

 

What unit of solar energy does the earth intercept?

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a) Chemical Energy

a) coal

a)2,200 millionth

b) Nuclear Energy

b) petroleum

b)2,000 millionth

c)Solar energy

c)plants

c)2,100 millionth

d) Magnetic Energy

d) uranium

d)2,300 millionth

Ans: <c>

Ans: <c >

Ans: <b>

 

 

Set 2: Question No 1

Set 2: Question No 2

Set 2: Question No 3

What is LPG?

The resources which can be used again and again after passing through some processes are known as    

Which of the following is an example of cyclic resource?

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)    liquefied petroleum gas

b)    Renewable resources

a)    water

c)    Loaded petroleum gas

d)    Non-renewable resources

b)    oil

e)    liquid petroleum gas

f)     Cyclic resources

c) coal

g)    None of the above

h)    All of the above

d) none of the above

Ans: <a >

Ans: <c>

Ans: <a >


Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

The energy sources are continuously replenished at a constant rate are called as                     

Tidal energy is used to rotate turbines and generate                                

           produce a number of benefits, such as flood control, irrigation, and water supply.

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a) New Resources

a) Fuel

a) Thermal power

b)Renewable Resources

b) Water

b) solar energy

c)non Renewable Resources

c) Salt

c)Hydropower

d) old Resources

d) electricity

d) wind power

Ans: <b>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <c>

 

 

Set 1: Question No 4

Set 1: Question No 5

                   is the heat of the interior of the earth present at volcanic regions, geysers or hot springs.

           is used as a household and industrial fuel

Understanding

Application

a)Geothermal energy

a) LPG

b)solar energy

b) CNG

c)Hydro energy

c)biogas

d) wind energy

d)none of the above

Ans: <a >

Ans: <a>

 

Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

Resource depletion occurs when the renewable and non-renewable resources became                      because of their faster consumption

The term resource depletion is commonly associated with.......

The causes of depletion of natural resources.......

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)scare

a)water uses

a) overpopulation

b)abundant

b)fossil fuel consumption

b)over consumption

c) both a) and b)

c)trees and fishing

c)wastage

d)All of the above

d) All of the above

d) All of the above

Ans: <a>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <d>


Set 2: Question No 1

Set 2: Question No 2

Set 2: Question No 3

When 'need' turns to 'greed' it starts

One of the Manmade Causes of Landslides s                                    

What will be the impact of the Extinction of species?

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)overexploitation

a)Rain

a)Cyclones

b) conservation

b)Unsafe Mining Activities

b)Earthquakes

c)Both a and b

c)Cyclones

c)food web changes

d)None of the above

d)Earthquakes

d) Rain

Ans: <a>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <c>

 

Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

                     is the major driving force of all of our resource problems

What happens when natural resources become scare because they are consumed fast?

The wrong Agricultural practices contaminate the land resources and make it unsuitable for                      

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)Overconsumption

a) resource depletion

a) residence

b)Population growth

b) resource creation

b) industrialization

c)Wastage

c)resource ends

c)crop production

d) all the above

d) none

d) landfill

Ans: <d >

Ans: <a>

Ans: <c>

 

Set 1: Question No 4

Set 1: Question No 5

Overexploitation of fertile soil particularly in areas of low rainfall by cultivating            

            is one of the Solutions for Conserving Natural Resources

Understanding

Application

a) complex crops

a) forestation

b)cash crops.

b) deforestation

c) simple crops

c) mining

d) seasonal crops

d) extinction

Ans: <b >

Ans: <a >


Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

Nuclear energy plant has the potential of high risk/disaster like                           

Heat is the flow of thermal energy from               temperature to

        temperature.

Solar energy is clean, noise-free and renewable form of energy which causes

             

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)Hiroshima

a)High to low

a)pollution

b)Nagasaki

b)low to high

b)no pollution

c)Chernobyl

c) Both a and b

c) Both a and b

d)Minamata

d) None of the above

d) None of the above

Ans: <c>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <b>

 

 

Set 2: Question No 1

Set 2: Question No 2

Set 2: Question No 3

The heat of the interior of the earth present at volcanic regions, geysers or hot springs is called as       

             problem is usually associated with windmills.

Tidal energy is the environment friendly energy as it doesn't produce                            

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a) Tidal energy

a)Air pollution

a)greenhouse gases.

b) Solar energy

b)Noise pollution

b)green ground gases

c)geothermal energy

c)water pollution

c) Both a and b

d) none of the above

d)none of the above

d) None of the above

Ans: <c>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <a>

 

 

Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

Fossils fuel is an important source of energy for

Biomass means all materials which come from             

when the water is ejected from the earth’s interior in the form of hot water it is called

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)transport

a)Living organisms.

a) ice caps

b)homes

b) non-living things

b) hot springs

c)industries

c) both a and b

c) both( a) and (b)

d)all of them

d) none

e)None of the above

Ans: <d >

Ans: <a >

Ans: <b>


Set 1: Question No 4

Set 1: Question No 5

Efficiency of          is far greater as compared to coal, solar or wind energy.

                    doesn't pollute the air like power plants that burn fossil fuels

Understanding

Application

a) tidal power

a) coal

b)Horse power

b) petroleum oil

c) Manpower

c)Hydropower

d) none

d)natural gas

Ans: <a>

Ans: <c >

 

 

Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

World primary on an average energy demand increase by                                             per year

The demand for oil in 2040 will be an increase from

The demand for coal increase in 2040 is

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)1.60 %

a)65 million barrel to 165 million barrel per day

a)20 %

b)2.60 %

b)95 million barrel to 195 million barrel per day

b)22 %

c)3.60 %

c)85 million barrel to 106 million barrel

per day

c)26 %

d)4.60 %

d)105 million barrel to 205 million barrel per day

d)40 %

Ans: <a >

Ans: <c>

Ans: <c>

 

 

Set 2: Question No 1

Set 2: Question No 2

Set 2: Question No 3

Why there is a need for energy conservation?

At a personal level how we conserve the energy?

Which is not an energy strategy for a sustainable world

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)limited resources

a) switch off fans and lights when not in use

a)Immediate term strategy

b)continuous increase in demands

b) always switch on fans and lights

b)Medium-term strategy

c)exhausted of the energy

c) switch on street lights in the day time

c)long term strategy

d) All of the above

d) switch on energy appliances at public places

d) ultimate strategy

Ans: <d>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <d>


Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

The demand for oil in                                           will be increase from 85 million barrel to 106 million barrel per day

      and      are the most used energy fuels for generating electricity.

Promoting of energy efficiency & emission standards is a                                              strategy for sustainability.

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a)2020

a)Coal and natural gas

a)Medium-term strategy

b) 2030

b) wind and hydro power

b)Long – term strategy

c) 2040

c) tidal and hydro power

c)Immediate term strategy

d) 2050

d) solar and wind power

d) none

Ans: <c>

Ans: <a >

Ans: <b>

 

 

Set 1: Question No 4

Set 1: Question No 5

             increases national, personal and financial security.

A necessary condition for socio-economic changeto lead to a sustainable world must include        

Understanding

Application

a) money conservation

a)Harmony with the environment

b)Energy conservation

b)Economic viability

c)time conservation

c)Satisfaction of basic needs of the peoples

d) none

d) all the above

Ans: <b>

Ans: <d>

 

 

Summative: Q 1

Summative: Q 2

Summative: Q 3

Summative: Q 4

Summative: Q 5

Resources that can be replenished naturally in the course of time are called               

Solar energy is

                  form of energy

Productive functions of forest includes availability of  

nuclear fission, nuclear decay and nuclear fusion are       

Minerals such as Gasoline, Copper, and Zinc production are estimated to decline in the next                        years.

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)cyclic resources

a)conventional

a)timber

a)general processes

a)5

b)Renewable Resources.

b)nonconventional

b)bamboo

b)special processes

b)10

c)non-renewable Resources.

c)both a and b

c)medicines

c)nuclear processes

c)15

d)none

d)none

d)all the above

d)none

d)20

Ans: <b >

Ans: <b >

Ans: <d >

Ans: <c >

Ans: <d >


Summative: Q 6

Summative: Q 7

Summative: Q 8

Summative: Q 9

Summative: Q 10

About          % of the earth’s water is strong saline.

Private companies misuse for getting more profit.

In 2018 the total world energy came from

      % fossil fuels

Deregulation and privatization of the energy sector is a

         strategy for sustainability.

Dams are constructed across the river is used for generating                          

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)50

a)Natural resources

a)64

a)Medium-term strategy

a)Thermal power

b)25

b)money

b)60

b) Long–term strategy

b) wind power

c)97

c)manpower

c)74

c)Immediate term strategy

c)tidal power

d)100

d)none

d)70

d) none

d)Hydroelectricity

Ans: <c>

Ans: <a >

Ans: <a >

Ans: <b >

Ans: <d >

 

 

Summative: Q 1

Summative: Q 2

Summative: Q 3

Summative: Q 4

Summative: Q 5

Which one among the following covers the the highest percentage of forest area in the world?

Plants get their nitrogen from–

Pollination by wind is called–

Forest is responsible for

--- is the perpetual source of energy.

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)Temperate

Coniferous forests

a)rain

a)Autogamy

a)water shed protection

a)nuclear reactor

b)Temperate Deciduous forest

b)the soil

b)Entomophily

b)land erosion control

b)hydropower

c)Tropical Monsoon forests

c)the air

c)Anemophily

c)providing economic and environmental benefits

c)solar energy

d)Tropical Rain forests

d)the bedrock

d) Ornithophily

d)All of the above

d)None of the above

Ans: <a>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <c>


Summative: Q 6

Summative: Q 7

Summative: Q 8

Summative: Q 9

Summative: Q 10

Which of the following is not renewable resources?

The main causes of deforestation is

waterlogging and soil salinity are the outcomes of...

Wind energy is harnessed as--------------

--- energy with the help of windmill.

Any material that can be transformed into more valuable and useful product for all service is called as

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)coal

a)overgrazing

a) over-irrigation

a)mechanical

a)resource

b)wind power

b)Agriculture industry and another developmental project

b)mining

b)solar

b)minerals

c)Geothermal energy

c)Timber extraction

c)soil erosion

c)electrical

c)product

d)thermal energy

d)all of the above

a)acid rain

d)heat

b)    None of the above

Ans: <a>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <a>

 

 

 

 

Summative: Q 11

Summative: Q 1 2

Summative: Q 13

Summative: Q 14

Summative: Q 15

Burning of fossil fuels

All forms of water that comes down on Earth, including rain, show, hail

etc. is

when the water is ejected from earth’s interior in the form of hot water it is called

Green revolution is associated with ----------

-----

Pollination by wind is called–

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Recall/ Remembering

Application

a)decreases                           green house gases

a)precipitation

a)Geyser

a)sericulture

a)Autogamy

b)increases green house gases

b)Calcification

b)hot springs

b)agriculture

b)Entomophily

c)increase level of oxygen

c)Fixation

c)both( a) and (b)

c)fish culture

c)Anemophily

d)increase level of ethane

d)None of the above

f)None of the above

d)None of the above

d)Ornithophily

Ans: <b>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <c>


Summative: Q 16

Summative: Q 17

Summative: Q 18

Summative: Q 19

Summative: Q 20

Which gas is likely to be reduced in the atmosphere by deforestation?

Which of the following enhances soil fertility?

Forest is an example of

The resources that can be replaced by natural the ecological cycle is called

Area X represents

Recall/ Remembering

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Understanding

Application

a) Carbon dioxide

a) Improved methods of agriculture

a) Marine ecosystem

a) renewable

a)coal

b) Nitrogen

b) crop-rotation

b)Limnic ecosystem

b) non-renewable

b)solar

c)oxygen

c) Using new seed verities

c) Artificial Ecosystem

c) exhaustible

c)nuclear

d)All of the above

d) Irrigation

d)Terrestrial Ecosystem

d)natural

d) oil

Ans: <c>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <a>

 

 

 

Summative: Q 21

Summative: Q 22

Summative: Q 23

Summative: Q 24

Summative: Q 25

The primary producers in a forest ecosystem are:

The amount of oil that may become available foruse is called oil

               .

A coal deposit that is not economical to mine today would be considered part of our

Area W represents

What is the leading source of energy used in the UnitedStates today?

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Recall/ Remembering

Application

Recall/ Remembering

a)Chlorophyll containing trees and plants

)reserves

a)coal reserves

a)coal

a)coal

b)Herbivores

b)reservoir

b)coal resources

b)solar

b)oil resources

c)Carnivores

c)resources

c)coal reservoir

c)nuclear

c)natural gas

d)Bacteria and other micro-organism

d)trap

d)None of the above

d) oil

d)nuclear power

Ans: <a>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <b>


Summative: Q 26

Summative: Q 27

Summative: Q 28

Summative: Q 29

Summative: Q 30

Energy resources derived from natural organic materials are called                          .

All oil traps contain

                     .

Area Y represents

The world has the least amount of which of the following fuel types.

Area Z represents

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a) geothermal energy sources

a)an impermeable layer

a)coal

a)oil

a)coal

b) fossil fuels

b)an anticline

b)solar

b)coal

b)solar

c)biomass

c)a fault

c)nuclear

c)uranium

c)nuclear

d)All of the above

d) All of the above

d) oil

d)there are roughly equal amounts of each of these fuels

d) oil

Ans: <b>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <b>

 

Summative: Q 31

Summative: Q 32

Summative: Q 33

Summative: Q 34

Summative: Q 35

Burning of which of the following fuels produces the least amount of carbon dioxide per unit of energy?

Nuclear energy is derived by

                     .

Solar energy stored in material such as wood, grain, sugar, and municipal waste is called.

Which of the following energy sources does not produce carbon dioxide?

Most nuclear fuel used in the world

is                              

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)coal

a)combustion of atoms of U 235

a)fossil fuels

oil

a)Thorium – 232

b)oil

b)fission of atoms of U 235

b)biomass

b)uranium

b)Uranium – 238

c)natural gas

c)fusion of atoms of U 235

c)geothermal energy

c)coal

c)Uranium – 235

d)all of these produce the same amount of carbon dioxide.

d)the breaking of U 235 bonds

d)natural gas

d)natural gas

d) Plutonium – 239

Ans: <c>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <c>


Summative: Q 36

Summative: Q 37

Summative: Q 38

Summative: Q 39

Summative: Q 40

What type of energy is derived from heated groundwater?

The world faces an energy crisis because

                 

Fossil fuels are rich in carbon and

The wind is a beneficial resource of energy as it doesn't cause

Earth emits heat by eruptions of

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)solar

a)world demand for energy will increase

a)nitrogen

a)pollution

volcano

b)geothermal

b)world oil production will peak and begin to decline

b)hydrogen

b)echo

b)hot springs

c)hydro electrical

c) shortages and the resulting escalation of prices can shock the economic and political order

c)oxygen

c)noise

c)geysers

d)nuclear

d)All of the above

d)nitrite

d)sound

d) All of the above

Ans: <b >

Ans: <d>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <d>

 

 

Summative: Q 41

Summative: Q 42

Summative: Q 43

Summative: Q 44

Summative: Q 45

Fossils fuel is an important source of energy for

Energy is released from fossil fuels when they are      

  

Black painted panels which are hanged at roofs to trap heat and energy from sun, are

As per energy outlook 2019 world energy consumption will grow by nearly                        between 2018to 2050.

What are necessary conditions for socio- economic change for sustainable world

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)transport

a)pumped

a)solar cell

50 %

a)satisfaction of basic needs

b)homes

b)cooled

b)solar heater

b)60 %

b)economic viability

c)industries

c)burnt

c)solar furnace

c)70 %

c)harmony with the environment

d)all of them

d)Pressurized

d)solar battery

d)80 %

d) All of the above

Ans: <d >

Ans: <c>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <d>


Summative: Q 46

Summative: Q 47

Summative: Q 48

Summative: Q 49

Summative: Q 50

In the production of wave energy which form of energy is used?

A tidal barrage is a barrier built over a    

The blades in wind turbines are connected to                      

In hydroelectricity power 

In order to produce solar energy during sunlight, where the energy is stored in the batteries?

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)potential

a)River bed

a)Nacelle

a)Kinetic energy is transferred to potential

a)Nickel Sulfur

b)kinetic

b)River estuary

b)Tower

b)Potential energy is transferred to kinetic

b)Zinc Cadmium

c)solar

c)River end

c)foundation

c)Solar energy is transferred to wind energy

c)Nickel Cadmium

d)wind

d)River starting

d)string

d)Wind energy is

transferred to solar energy

d) Nickel Zinc

Ans: <b>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <c>

 

Summative: Q 51

Summative: Q 52

Summative: Q 53

Summative: Q 54

Summative: Q 55

Energy in the form of heat and light is obtained by     

Trapped heat inside the earth is known as            

SI unit for energy is                           

Common energy source in Indian villages is:

Which among the following is not an adverse environmental impact of tidal power generation?

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)Biomass

a)Heat energy

a)joule

a)Electricity

a)Interference with spawing and migration of fish

b)fossil fuel

b)geo thermal energy

b)watt

b)coal

b)Pollution and health hazard in the estuary due to blockage of flow of polluted water into the sea

c)sun

c)kinetic energy

c)kilogram

c)sun

c)Navigational hazard

d)wind

d)thermal energy

d)Newton

d)Wood and animal dung

d) None of the above

Ans: <c>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <d>


Summative: Q 56

Summative: Q 57

Summative: Q 58

Summative: Q 59

Summative: Q 60

A photovoltaic cell converts solar energy into

Biomass can be converted to

In which of the following region winds are stronger and constant

Which of the following is a disadvantage of renewable energy?

The difference, in temperature between the core of the planet and its surface, is known as

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)heat energy

a) methane gas

a) deserts

a) High pollution

a) geothermal coefficient

b)mechanical energy

b) ethanol

b) offshore

b) Available only in few places

b) geothermal gradient

c)electrical energy

c) biodiesel

c) low altitudes site

c) High running cost

c) geothermal constant

d)chemical energy

d)All of the above

d)All of the above

d) Unreliable supply

d) None of the above

Ans: <c >

Ans: <d>

Ans: <b>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <b>

 

Summative: Q 61

Summative: Q 62

Summative: Q 63

Summative: Q 64

Summative: Q 65

A Solar cell is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the                    

The main composition of biogas is          

In hydroelectric power, what is necessary for the production of power throughout the year?

Which Ministry is mainly responsible for research and development in renewable energy sources such as wind

Which among the following have a large amount of installed grid interactive renewable power capacity in India?

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a) Photovoltaic effect

a) methane gas

a) Dams filled with water

a) Human Resource Development

a) Wind power

b) Chemical effect

b) Carbon dioxide

b) High amount of air

b) Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

b) Solar power

c) Atmospheric effect

c) nitrogen

c) High intense sunlight

c) Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

c) Biomass power

d)Physical effect

d)hydrogen

d) Nuclear power

d) Health and Family Welfare

d) Small Hydropower

Ans: <a >

Ans: <a>

Ans: <a>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <a>


Summative: Q 66

Summative: Q 67

Summative: Q 68

Summative: Q 69

Summative: Q 70

The most abundantly available fossil fuel in India is          

Hydroelectric power produces electricity using.....

Which of the following is not under the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy?

How many forms of fossil fuels are there

The most efficient energy conversion occurs in

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a) coal

a) wind

a) Wind energy

a) one

a) tidal power stations

b) Natural gas

b) solar

b) Solar energy

b) two

b) diesel engines

c) petroleum

c) moving water

c) Tidal energy

c) three

c) solar panels

d)oil

d)dung

d) Large hydro

d) four

d) hydro-electric power stations

Ans: <a >

Ans: <c>

Ans: <d>

Ans: <c>

Ans: <d>

 

Environmental Studies (22447)

Unit No -3 Environment Ecosystem & Biodiversity Assessment / Practice Question

Assessment Type: Formative Assessments: Embedded questions

 

Set 1: Question No 1

Set 1: Question No 2

Set 1: Question No 3

Set 1-

Set 1-

Set 1-

No1: Which one of the

No2: Transfer of energy from

No3: The type of ecosystem

following is not a gaseous

source of plants through a

with the highest mean plant

biogeochemical cycle in an

series of the organism is known as

productivity is

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

c) Carbon cycle

l)   Food web

a) Tundra

m) Phosphorous cycle

b) Energy cycle

b) Temperate grassland

n) Sulphur cycle

c) Food chain

c) Desert

o) Nitrogen cycle

d) Biological system

d) Tropical rain forest

Ans: b

Ans: c

Ans: d

 

 

Set 2: Question No 1

Set 2: Question No 2

Set 2: Question No 3

In ecosystem standing crop refers to                 

An ecosystem which can be easily damaged but can be recovered after some time if damaging effect stops will be

Which ecosystem produce the highest annual net primary productivity?

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

d) All the green plants

a) High stability and high resilience

a) Tropical evergreen forest

p) All the non living materials

b) High stability and low

b)Tropical rain forest

q) All living and dead animals

c) Low stability and low

c) Tropical deciduous forest

r)   All the living materials both animals and plants

d) Low stability and high resilience

d) Temperate evergreen forest

Ans: d

Ans: d

Ans: b

 

 

Set 3: Question No 1

Set 3: Question No 2

Set 3: Question No 3

                        is the term used to describe the variety of life found on Earth and all of the natural processes.

Which of the following is not the value of biodiversity?

The biodiversity contained in the ecosystem provides forest dwellers with all their daily needs use-value.

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a) Biodiversity

a) Social use

a) Ethical and Moral


b) Ecosystem

b) Aesthetical use

b) Consumptive

c) Biosphere

c) Environmental use

c) Aesthetical

d) Ecology

d) Moral

d) Social

Ans: a

Ans: c

Ans: b

 

 

Set 4: Question No 1

Set 4: Question No 2

Set 4: Question No 3

The initiative of biodiversity assessment focuses on which ecosystem types:

Which of the following is not a Causes of biodiversity losses?

marketable products such as animal skins, ivory, medicinal plants, honey, etc come under.

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a) Forest

a) Overexploitation

a) Productive value

b) wetland

b) Eco-friendly

b) Consumptive value

c) Marine

c) Co-extinction

c) Aesthetic value

d) All of the above

d) Habitat loss and fragmentation

d) Social value

Ans: d

Ans: b

Ans: a

 

 

Set 5: Question No 1

Set 5: Question No 2

Set 5: Question No 3

              called the ‘lungs of the planet’.

Which leads to over-exploitation of natural resources?

Which of the following is not an Important hot spots in India?

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

a) Sahyadry rain forest

a) Greed

a) Himalayan

b) Kankan rain forest

b) Eco-friendly

b)Western ghat

c) Amazon rain forest

c) Need

c) Indo-Burma

d) South Africa rain forest

d) All of the above

d) Central ghat

Ans: c

Ans: a

Ans: d


Assessment Type: Summative: End of CO: in LMS

 

Summative: Q 1

Summative: Q 2

Summative: Q 3

Summative: Q 4

Summative: Q 5

What flows through the ecosystem while matter cycles within them?

The process in which green plants and few organisms use sunlight to synthesize

Which type of ecosystem accounts for most of the net primary productivity on earth even though

What makes plant producers?

Into how many areas the energy that is received by organisms during energy transfer is converted?

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a)Energy

a) Chemosynthesis

a) Tropical rain forest

a) Plants produce their own food

a) One

b) Force

b) Photosynthesis

b) desert

b) Plants depend on other organisms for

b) Two

c) Pressure

c) Food chain

c) Tropical evergreen forest

c) Plants are decomposers

c) Three

d) wind

d) Food web

d) Ocean

d) Plants do not require any

d) Four

Ans: a

Ans: b

Ans: d

Ans: a

Ans:c

 

 

Summative: Q 1

Summative: Q 2

Summative: Q 3

Summative: Q 4

Summative: Q 5

The area to which a       species      is biologically adapted to live is known

as--------------

A         set            of

organisms                       that

resemble                        one

another                         in appearance and behaviour is

Habitat of Dog Fish is

The destruction of the habitat of plants and animals are called

Each organism in an ecosystem is at a specific feeding stage called as

the ----

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application

a) Niche

a) Exons

a) River

a) endemism

a) Climax level

b) Habitat

b) Prions

b) Pond

b) endangered species

b) Producer level

c) Succession

c) Species

c) Lake

c) habitant loss

c) Trophic level

d) All of the above

d) None of the above

d) Sea

d) flood

d) Consumptive level

Ans: b

Ans: c

Ans: d

Ans: c

Ans:c


Summative: Q 1

Summative: Q 2

Summative: Q 3

Summative: Q 4

Summative: Q 5

Zoos are examples for

Study of inter- relationship between organisms and their environment is

How is the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere connected?

An ecosystem consists of

An             ecosystem gradually merges with an adjoining one through a transitional

zone called the ---

Recall/ Remembering

Understanding

Application

Understanding

Application